Cytotec (Misoprostol)

What is Cytotec?

Cytotec (Misoprostol) is developed in order to prevent stomach ulcers during the NSAIDs treatment (e.g., Ibuprofen, Aspirin, Naproxen). This medicine reduces the risk of bleeding and other complications.


Cytotec Information

Misoprostol decreases the amount of acid, contacting with stomach lining. In combination with Mifepristone this preparation is used for abortion.

Cytotec is a synthetic prostaglandin (natural substance found in the stomach, and protecting inner stomach lining from the ulcer-producing effects of acid, aspirin, and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), etc.)

Read the leaflet carefully. Follow the instructions of your doctor.

Consult with your health care provider on any questions you may have.

The dosage depends on your condition, and has to be evaluated by your doctor.

In case you use Misoprostol for stomach ulcers prevention, take it orally, 4 times per day, after you have meal and before you go to bed, unless your health care provider tells you otherwise. Take this medication as long, as you use NSAIDs.

This medicine has to be inserted into the vagina, when used for labor starting.

This medication has to be taken orally if used for abortion. Strictly follow the directions of your health care provider.

You should not be taking antacids, containing magnesium, while going thru the Cytotec treatment. This may add to the side effects. In case you have to take antacids. Ask your health care provider for advice.

Cytotec Safety Information

In case of missing a dose of Misoprostol, take it as soon as you remember to do so. However, if it's about time to take your next dose, skip the missed one and follow your regular schedule. Thus take the next dose when it's time for it. Never take a double dose at once.

Keep Misoprostol safe from heat, moisture, and light. Store this product at or below 77 degrees F (25 degrees C). Keep this product out of the reach of children. Keep safe from pets. Do not store in the bathroom.

In case of pregnancy talk to your health care provider immediately! Avoid the usage of this product during the pregnancy, as it may cause abortion, premature birth, or birth defects. Avoid pregnancy for at least one menstrual after you have quitted the therapy.

In case you are of the childbearing age, do not take Misoprostol to decrease the risk of ulcers from NSAIDs, unless you are at high risk of having serious complications.

This product has rarely shown to cause harm to the fetus and mother, when taken in order to start labor or when used in combination with another medicine for abortion after the eighth week of pregnancy.

When used in combination with Mifepristone to end a pregnancy, an incomplete abortion may rarely occur.

Consult your health care provider before breast-feeding. It's not known whether this preparation extracts into the breast milk.

Before starting the therapy, female patients should have a test negative for pregnancy within 14 days before the start of the therapy; should receive warnings (oral and written) on the risks Cytotec therapy during the childbearing age: evaluate the risk of possible birth control failure; use effective birth control method; start the therapy only on the second or third day of the next normal menstrual period.

Make sure to inform your health care provider in case you have any allergy; risk factors for uterine rupture (in case of vaginal use (e.g., prior Cesarean delivery, five or more previous pregnancies, uterine surgery; stomach or intestinal disease (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease), or any other health states.

Vaginal bleeding may occur after the intake of combined medicines. Contact your health care provider right away in case of any suspicious symptoms, such as severe or prolonged vaginal bleeding, signs of infection (e.g., fever, chills), or fainting spells.

Avoid using tobacco and alcohol during the therapy. It may affect the treatment.

You require close medical monitoring, while treating with Cytotec. Make sure to ask your health care provider about your actions in case of emergency.

Cytotec Side Effects

You should immediately contact a doctor in case you notice any signs of the following side effects: decreased amount of urine, slow or irregular heartbeat, severe dizziness, mental/mood changes, muscle weakness, unusual or heavy vaginal bleeding, menstrual problems or irregularities, severe allergy (e.g., rash, severe dizziness, trouble breathing, itching, and swelling).

You may also experience stomach cramps or nausea. Consult with your heath care provider if it becomes bothersome.

Diarrhea is common with Misoprostol. It usually occurs in about 14 days after the start of the therapy. It usually lasts for about a week. Drink plenty of fluids and minerals/electrolytes to prevent dehydration.

Consult with your health care provider on any questions you may have.

Do not share this medication with others.